Economics Terms A-Z
An asset is ANY resource that produces positive economic value for its owner - its owner being its owner as a result of a past event, most likely a transaction. There are two classes of assets, tangible and intangible, which are themselves made up of subclasses. Of the tangible variety, most commonly you’ll hear about current and fixed assets. Current assets refer to things that can be consumed, exhausted or sold, such as cash, stock, and marketable securities. Whereas fixed assets are assets that are trickier to convert into cash, like land, buildings, equipment and machinery.
In contrast, intangible assets lack any physical form; they are ethereal. As a result, their value can be harder to gauge, which can contribute to the occasional discrepancy between a company's value according to its own books, and its value as per market capitalisation. Examples of intangible are: patents, trademarks, goodwill, copyright, and trade names.
In capital markets, capital is exchanged between investors (who supply it from their assets) and investees (who need it to fund projects and ventures). The investment horizon is usually at least one year.
Price Elasticity of Demand
The price elasticity of demand for an item A ϵA measures how the quantity of the item demanded qA changes in response to a change in the item’s price pA
Well, capital is a catch-all term that refers to a person’s assets, which means something useful a person has which can create wealth - and it can be extremely broad and be interpreted in many ways. On the face of it, capital is one of if not the most important thing in an economic system. The financing and investing of capital helps to define if and how the economy grows and also how people experience their returns on investment. To this end, capital is a good measurement of wealth, and also a means of creating wealth through the investment of capital.