Economics Terms A-Z
Standing in contrast to macroeconomics, microeconomics looks at the choices made by economic actors - be they people, firms, or whole industries - and how they affect the allocation of scarce resources. Primarily, this involves investigation into why goods and services assume different values and understanding how changing economic conditions can alter the decision-making of economic actors.
At the core of microeconomics lies the assumption - an increasingly questioned one - that individuals are rational - as in, have stable preferences - and utility maximising in their behaviour. Built on this are the economic principles: opportunity cost, diminishing marginal utility, and supply and demand, which together make up microeconomics’ skeletal epistemological form.
- Preston Leads the Way
Preventing the Death of UK High Streets
The internet has given us many things: unlimited information, ever-expanding interconnection, myriad means of procrastination - in some places it’s even helped birth democracy. But as one hand giveth, the other, as is often the case, taketh away. And in the UK, it looks like the gift of online shopping may come at the expense of our high streets - and the thousands of livelihoods they maintain.
- A Discriminatory Pandemic
The Racial Inequalities of COVID-19
Dubbed ‘the great equalizer’ at its outset, COVID-19 has often been described as picking its victims at random. Blind to race, ethnicity, and gender, it sees just a human body, a host that enables it to do what all pathogens are programmed to do: spread. While this, from a biological perspective, may be true, the disease’s sweep of the globe has been anything but equalising. Data from both the US and UK - who along with Brazil compete for the honour of worst pandemic response - show that in terms of cases and deaths, minorities are hugely overrepresented.
- A Short History
What is Supply-side Economics?
Supply-side economics. Since its conception in the 1970s, debating its merits – or lack thereof – has been at the heart of political discourse, demarcating Republican from Democrat, Tory loyalist from Labour devotee, and informing not just an economic outlook, but a world view.